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VAGINAL YEAST INFECTION

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VAGINAL YEAST INFECTION

Vaginal yeast infection can also be known as candidal vulvovaginitis or vaginal thrush. Candida is a genus of yeasts and is the most common cause of fungal infections worldwide. Antibiotics promote yeast infection, including gastrointestinal candida overgrowth and penetration of GI mucosa. While women are susceptible to genital yeast infections, men can also be infected. People with diabetes or impaired immune systems, such as those with HIV are more susceptible to yeast infections.

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The signs and symptoms of yeast infection vary depending on the area affected. Most candidal infections result in complications such as:

  • Irritation or itching of the genital area
  • Inflammation (redness and swelling caused by the presence of extra immune cells) of the labia majora and labia minora
  • Whitish-grey cottage cheese like discharge
  • Foul vaginal odour
  • Pain and irritation during sexual intercourse

 

CAUSES OF YEAST INFECTION

  • Candida yeasts are generally present in healthy humans, frequently part of the human body’s. Candida requires moisture for growth, notably on the skin. Wearing of wet underwears for long periods is also one of the risks factors.

 

FACTORS THAT INCREASE THE RISK OF CANDIDIASIS:

  • HIV &AIDS
  • Mononucleosis
  • Cancer Treatment
  • Stress
  • Steroids
  • Antibiotic Usage
  • Diabetes
  • Nutrients Deficiency

 

DIAGNOSIS

Diagnosis of a yeast infection is done either via microscopic examination or culturing. For identification by light microscopy, scrapping or swab of the affected area is placed on a microscopic slide. A single drop of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution is added to the specimen.

 

PREVENTION

  • Wearing cotton underwear may help reduce the risk of developing a vaginal yeast infection
  • Avoid spreading underwears on low room temperature because candida survives on the wet environment.
  • Be hygienic.

 

TREATMENT

Candidiasis is treated with anti-fungal medications;

  • Clotrimazole
  • Nystacin
  • Flucanozole
  • Voriconazole
  • Echinoderms
  • AmphotericinB
  • Food supplements

 

 

 

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