Health

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

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PROSTATE

The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland below the bladder in men. It is around the urethra, a tube that carries urine from the bladder. Men have 16-32 ducts in the prostate gland, and these ducts can form blockages quickly. A healthy prostate produces a thick fluid which is alkaline and usually constitutes a part of the volume of the semen. The purpose of the liquid is to pave the way for sperm transportation.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia occurs when the cells of the prostate gland begin to multiply. These new cells cause the prostate gland to swell, which ruptures the urethra and obstruct the flow of urine.

 

CAUSES OF BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA

  1. They are caused by pathogens, which include bacterial and non-bacterial. One of the most common bacterial pathogens is Staphylococcus aureus, and non-bacterial pathogens include Trichomonas and Chlamydia.
  2. Prostate blockage which can be caused by excessive protein in the urine (red meat) and excessive keeping of urine.
  3. Lack of physical exercise
  4. Erectile dysfunction
  5. Age (40 years and above), men in age ranges from 1 – 39yrs, their prostate is 20gram. Immediately a man is 40yrs and above; his prostate naturally enlarge from 20g-100g, when it exceed 100g, it is called benign prostatic hyperplasia meaning the enlargement of the prostate.
  6. Medical conditions such as heart and circulatory disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity
  7. Frequent using of sexual enhancement drugs such as Viagra.

 

 

SYMPTOMS OF BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA

  • A weak or interrupted urinary
  • Pain during and after ejaculation
  • Urethra: frequent urination, urgent urination, urinary retention, pain during or after urination, itching urethra, dribbling of urine after urination
  • Prostate: prostate pain, enlarged prostate, prostate blockage, and calcification.
  • Poor semen quality, for example blood in the semen, infertility and foul smelling semen.
  • Poor sleep and hypomnesia

 

DIAGNOSIS

  • Using pathogen cultures
  • Ultrasound: when checked by ultrasound, they are commonly indicated by an enlarged prostate
  • Blood test

 

 

PREVENTIVE MEASURES

  • Avoid or reduce intake of caffeinated coffee and alcohol
  • Preventing or treating constipation
  • Avoid riding bicycles, horses and sitting for long periods
  • Be faithful to one healthy long term partner and avoid the risk of having multiple partners
  • Exercise daily
  • Urinate at least once every 3 hrs
  • Maintain a healthy diet, less protein and more of fruits and vegetables, for example, fresh tomatoes are suitable for men because of the Lycopene content which is the most potent natural antioxidant
  • Avoid wearing tight underwear because it impacts circulation around the groin and heats it a bit
  • Avoid smoking
  • Regular sex is good for the prostate that is why celibates are more prone to prostate illness. While celibacy is a moral decision, it is not a biological adaptation.

TREATMENT

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Surgery for alpha blockers like terazosin
  • Tracing of causative pathogens, infection, blockage and calcification sites
  • Antibiotics and injection

 

FOODS FOR PREVENTION

Bell pepper, tomato, avocado, vegetable, onion, saw palmetto, raw pumpkin seeds, watermelon, garlic, almond, oatmeal, egg white, cucumber, carrot, oyster, banana, fish and white corn.

Summary

What may likely take a man to the hospital is acute urinary retention. He wakes up one day, and he is not able to pass urine; as a result, intermittent urinary catheterization is used to reduce the bladder in people with urinary retention. Early detection is required for treatment and preventive measures.

 

 

 

 

 

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